(please find radio show on your memory stick)
Codes and Conventions:
When you are presenting a radio news program, you have to follow a set of ethics and regulations in order to present a balance show that represents everyone without any bias.
Defamation laws (civil and criminal) Libel – when an unjustified attack is written, published or broadcast in some way. Most media producers, particularly journalists need to be aware of this. Slander – a verbal defamation The media can justify their output if it can be proved to be a complete fact. If something is deemed to be fair comment, in good faith. If something is in the greater public interest and is protected like parliamentary reporting.
While presenting a radio show it is against regulation to discriminate against people.
Discrimination It is illegal to discriminate against anyone on grounds of sex, age, disability or ethnic origin when recruiting or in the workplace. How such groups and issues are presented in the media are often representational.
It is common practice while presenting a radio show that you work in an ethical manner:
Ethical issues Issues of morality, what is right or wrong. Issues such as exploitation, sensationalism, offensive material (watershed), privacy etc. are not usually enforced by law. Regulatory bodies and codes of practise exist often within the industry.
Ofcom provides this guidance note to assist radio broadcasters in their compliance with Ofcom Broadcasting Code rules relating to offensive language on
radio, in particular in relation to:
• lyrics in music tracks;
• live music performances/interviews/studio conversation; and
• speech and comedy content.
Ofcom insist that under 18’s are protected. This involves censoring them from offensive content on TV and Radio that may be offensive. This can be language used in songs or imagery used in a TV program. This is an important part of the codes and conventions Ofcom stand for.
many listeners consider the station and type of programme to be more important in determining audience expectations than time of day. However, in general listeners do not expect to hear strong language during the day on radio, regardless of whether children would likely to be listening. As set out above, a fundamental requirement for radio relating to the protection of under-eighteens is the concept of “when children are particularly likely to be listening”. The Code makes clear that this phrase particularly refers to “the school run and breakfast time.
When delivering news on TV and Radio, it is important to deliver the story as impartial as possible.
Ofcom has consistently found that audiences say that impartiality and accuracy in broadcast news is important to them. For example, Ofcom’s 2011 Media Tracker survey1 found that 94% of all respondents considered it important that television news is impartial, with the corresponding figure for radio news being 88%. Ofcom research has found that audiences consider it equally important that television and radio news is accurate. Broadcasters can criticise or support the actions of particular nation-states in their programming, as long as they, as appropriate, reflect alternative views on such matters.
Me and Alex produced a radio show on the current news story about the transition in genders between Bruce Jenner and Caitlyn Jenner. For the content we improvised in parts where a scripted wouldn’t have worked for the situation. A situation when this was the case is when we had a guest speaker and needed to ask question thought out her speech in order to lead the content in the right direction. The other content on the show came from the internet. For example we had a section where we read out celebrities tweets as they react to Caitlyn Jenner. Our content was also sourced from interviews between Caitlyn and a presenter. At the start of the show we sourced a audio clip of Caitlyn Jenner talking about the transition. We used this as an opening to the show to set the tone and to give the show a concept.
My role in the show was to introduce certain parts of the content and to give my opinion on certain points. The introductions were scripted in order to lead the show in the correct direction. When it came to voicing my opinion that came from improvisation as it was a subject that quickly came up and wasn’t predicted. This happened at the part where I discussed Caitlyn Jenner being referred to as brave or not brave.
Alex played a big part in producing content for the show and inputting his opinion. Alex decided the order in which content should be put, for example the Caitlyn Jenner audio at the beginning. He also found all the appropriate news stories that link to the show. When we had the guest speaker Alex introduced her and asked her leading questions through out.
For the show we had to ensure it linked to the correct codes and conventions in order for it to be appropriate as a radio show. The regulations on discrimination had to reviewed in the making of the show as the show was about the change of gender. It would have been illegal for us to discriminate against Caitlyn Jenner during the broadcast. Part of not discriminating is not using stereotypes to summarise the character of a person.
As the show deals with a very personal and possibly controversial topic, the Press Complaints Commission applies to it. The Press Complaint Commission was created by the newspaper industry itself in 1991, replaced the press council. following criticism over intrusions of privacy. This act gives the viewers and listeners a right to complain about the content of the show. The act also gives the producers of the show a right to respond to criticism.
The content on the radio show had to be accurate in order for the show to be informative to the listener. To ensure accuracy we sourced the third party content from trusted sources such as the BBC, Verified Twitter accounts and trusted youtube accounts. The content needed to be accurate as otherwise the show could be classed as being censored or as a piece of propaganda.